The study of history is vital to understand who we are, where are we coming from, and how did we end up in the present situation. This essay will give the reader a brief understanding of the period between 1750 and 1850, commonly known as Industrialization, highlighting its features, the main changes occurred during that time and their consequences, with specific references to leading authorities in this field.
Industrialization is the procedure under which a country or social community goes from an agriculture based economy to an economy based in industrial developments, such as textile, mining, iron, steel and transport revolutions. This procedure has been present in most countries during XIX century, building a new consolidated civilization and producing a whole new social structure.
The development of industries was promoted by liberal ideas, which brought a rationalization that optimized agricultural production to its highest limits. These ideas, based on freedom, civil rights and popular sovereignty, changed the formation of governmental powers and erased commercial barriers between different countries, releasing commercial trade routes. The consequence was a new global thinking, characterized by a conscious legal framework, equal civil rights and development of technologies and transport routes among others.
However, in order to have an industrial revolution, each country had to have an internal political transformation with three main features in common: division of powers, freedom and private property. In that regard, England was the first country which implemented these changes in its civilization, mainly through cotton (textile industry) and the railroad service (transport industry). This represented an economic-industrial evolution which a dramatical impact in food supply, material goods, development of science and natality, since English population was multiplied by four times, as Hobsbawn affirms. The result was a migratory policy, conducted by the development of the transport industry and colonization of different countries through the implementation of capitalism as the new economic system. The phenomenon of industrialization, contributed to create this brand new financial power, conducted by burgess as dominant social class. The need to be constantly growing was essential to lead the economic expansion and to introduce the economic system in other countries, conquering foreign markets and developing international relationships.
Nevertheless, the imperialistic policies sectored the production means, establishing two 4 categories: producing countries of raw materials, and manufacturing countries, know, the latter, today as elite or developed countries. These countries have found the way, due to the power gained as colonial states during nineteenth century, to control not only their economy, but also global economy due to the economic power of privileged classes and great military powers.
To conclude with, it is safe to say that we have a very simple system, in words of Hopkins, of dominant and dominated groups, since the inception of our era, which governs our existence, controls our way of life and had its global expansion through the industrialization.
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